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2009年高考英语词汇分类复习:批评和表扬
来源:新东方 作者: 2008-12-05 18:21:37

表示态度的几对词

证实:verify, prove, substantiate, corroborate, confirm

反驳:refute, disprove, controvert, contradict

支持(认可): endorse, support, encourage, reinforce, countenance, approve

反对(抗议):oppose, demur, deprecate, quibble, defy

肯定,断言:aver, assert, affirm, proclaim

否定:deny, gainsay, repudiate, disclaim, negate

批评和表扬分别见词汇归类七、八

一、小心谨慎 adj.

wary

cautious

discreet

leery

prudent

meticulous

punctilious

chary

二、仓促,草率 adj.

hasty

premature

cursory

perfunctory

slipshod

facile

鲁莽

daredevil

rash

impetuous

reckless

temerity(n.)

三、易怒、易发脾气的 adj.

irritable

peevish

petulant

cantankerous

choleric

crabbed

fractious

一、自负、傲慢 adj.

自负

arrogant

presumptuous

overweening

pompous

consequential

self-conceited

pretentious

smug

hubris n.

傲慢

haughty

contemptuous

supercilious

五、阻碍 v.

retard

check

hinder

impede

arrest

balk

obstruct

stymie

stem

stunt

cumber

forestall

六、缺乏,不足 adj.

devoid

scarce

scanty

insufficient

lack

deficient

inadequate

meager

dearth

七、批评、谴责 v.

denounce

condemn

reprehend

rail

censure

upbraid

chastise

vituperate

blame

scold

castigate

reprimand

reprove

rebuke

chide

reproach

opprobrium

impugn

八、表扬,赞扬 v.

commend

extol

exalt

acclaim

laud

eulogize

accolade

applaud

glorify

celebrate

九、贬低、诋毁 v.

detract

belittle

derogate

demean

disparage

depreciate

十、节俭、吝啬 adj.

frugal

thrifty

husbandly

parsimonious

stingy

spare

miserly

penurious

niggardly

十一、慷慨大方 adj.

generous

munificent

unstinting

magnanimous

openhanded

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